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Plant 105 - Food, Society, and Environment

Is it a Scholarly Primary Research Article?

Scholarly vs. Popular Periodicals (3:12 youtube video)
Contrasts articles from scholarly, popular, and trade publications.

♦ Scholarly journal articles are written by and for people in the same and related academic or professional fields, and use terminology specific to the field.
♦ They aim to contribute to the scholarly conversation by advancing knowledge.
♦ They are usually peer-reviewed (aka "refereed") or undergo an editorial review by specialists in the discipline or profession.
♦ They carefully document (cite) their sources, and this list of cited references may point to other sources of information relevant to your topic.
♦ Scholarly journal articles also may include links to files with useful supplementary information.

Ulrich's International Periodicals Directory
Search for your journal title to see if it is scholarly/academic and refereed (peer-reviewed).

CRAAP Test  is it good information?  a list of questions from CSU Chico

Scholarly journals include articles that are reports and discussions of the results of original research, are written by those who carried out the studies, and are based on the results of their experiments or observations.

These articles are also called primary research articles.

Typical Format of a Primary Research Article

  • Abstract: summary of what the study is about, how the research was conducted, what the findings are.
  • Introduction and Literature Review: background of problem, reasons for/objectives of the study, prior research & literature on the topic.
  • Methods & Results: how the study was conducted, what was found (samples, measurement, procedures)
  • Discussion & Conclusion: Interpretation of the results, summary of important findings & their meaning to the field; sometimes what the limitations of the study are and need for future research.
  • References
  • [Often include] Appendices or Supplemental Information FIles