Citation managers are software that helps you track, organize, and properly cite your sources as you do research. They can help you:
Zotero is a free, open source, fully featured citation manager. It is easy to learn, provides the easiest way to import sources, can produce citations in thousands of styles, and works with Google Docs as well as with MS Word and Libre Office.
The Madden Library provides workshops, instruction, and support for Zotero. Please see our Zotero guide for more information.
EndNote is a commercial citation manager from Clarivate. It is not free, but student pricing is available. EndNote is slightly harder to learn than Zotero, but it can also produce citations in many styles, and it provides better support for some features such as journal title abbreviations.
The library no longer provides access to or instruction for EndNote, but support is available. For more information, please see our EndNote guide.
Clarivate also offers EndNote Basic, a free, limited version that works in your web browser. Find information on EndNote Basic here.
Mendeley is a popular and free-to-use citation manager from Elsevier. As of late 2020, this product is in transition, with Mendeley Reference Manager replacing the Mendeley Desktop program, among other changes.
The Madden Library does not provide support for Mendeley, but those who wish to explore it can review these help guides and other documentation from Mendeley.
Some databases and other library search tools can generate citations for sources that they index. They don't provide the same help with collecting and organizing sources, but this can be a quick and easy way to generate a few references. Be sure to check these automatically-generated citations to make sure they are correct before using them in your paper!
The Madden Library's discovery system includes a "Citation" button with search results that provides citations in MLA, APA, and Chicago styles.
The "Cite" link that appears with each result in Google Scholar will provide citations in several styles.
EBSCOhost, ProQuest, and other library databases often include a "Cite" tool on item pages.