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CFS 193 - Cooperative Education

About Empirical and Scholarly Articles

Scholarly journals include articles that are reports and discussions of the results of original research, are written by those who carried out the studies using quantitative or qualitative research methods, and are based on the results of their experiments or observations.

These articles are also called empirical or primary research articles.

They are written by for others in the same and related academic or professional fields, and use terminology specific to the field.

They aim to contribute to the scholarly conversation by advancing knowledge.

They are usually peer-reviewed (aka "refereed") or undergo an editorial review by specialists in the discipline or profession.

They carefully document (cite) their sources, and this list of cited references may point to other sources of information relevant to your topic.

Scholarly journal articles also may include links to files with useful supplementary information.


Typical Format of a Journal Article

  • Abstract: summary of what the study is about, how the research was conducted, what the findings are.
  • Introduction and Literature Review: background of problem, reasons for/objectives of the study, prior research & literature on the topic.
  • Methods & Results: how the study was conducted, what was found (samples, measurement, procedures)
  • Discussion & Conclusion: Interpretation of the results, summary of important findings & their meaning to the field; sometimes what the limitations of the study are and need for future research.
  • References

Are these articles empirical? Scholarly/Peer-reviewed?

Kennedy, A. C., Agbényiga, D. L., Kasiborski, N., & Gladden, J. (2010). Risk chains over the life course among homeless urban adolescent mothers: Altering their trajectories through formal support. Children & Youth Services Review, 32(12), 1740-1749. doi:10.1016/j.childyouth.2010.07.018

Rosin, H. (2015). The Silicon Valley Suicides. (Cover story). Atlantic, 316(5), 62-73.

Ford-Paz, R., Reinhard, C., Kuebbeler, A., Contreras, R., Sánchez, B., Ford-Paz, R. E., & Sánchez, B. (2015). Culturally Tailored Depression/Suicide Prevention in Latino Youth: Community Perspectives. Journal Of Behavioral Health Services & Research, 42(4), 519-533. doi:10.1007/s11414-013-9368-5

Broomhead, C. (2005). Prescribing dilemmas: A teenager with depression. Update, 70(2), 74-77.

Saewyc, E. M. (2011). Research on Adolescent Sexual Orientation: Development, Health Disparities, Stigma, and Resilience. Journal Of Research On Adolescence (Wiley-Blackwell), 21(1), 256-272. doi:10.1111/j.1532-7795.2010.00727.x

Scholarly vs. Popular Periodicals (3:12 youtube video)
Contrasts articles from scholarly, popular, and trade publications.

Ulrich's International Periodicals Directory
Search for your journal title to see if it is scholarly/academic and refereed (peer-reviewed).

CRAAP Test  is it good information?  a list of questions from CSU Chico