Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Women's Studies Program

The resources on this libguide can be used for a general women's studies class or specific.

Searching Tips

BOOLEAN OPERATORS for Finding Relevant Articles

AND – Use AND when you want documents that contain all terms to appear in your results.

e.g.  women AND military


OR – Use OR when you want documents that contain either one of the terms to appear in your results.

e.g. youth OR adolescent OR teenager 

NOT – Use NOT when you want to exclude documents that contain terms following NOT in your results.

e.g.  women AND California NOT “Los Angeles” 


“ ” Quotes – Enclose specific phrases in double quotation marks when you want documents that contain the exact phrases in your results.

e.g.    “civil rights” AND women
 “The Old Man and the Sea” - exact title


(  ) Parentheses – Enclose terms in parentheses you want to group together.

e.g.  (women OR female) AND (ethnicity OR race)  

* Asterisk as wildcard

e.g.  femini* returns all documents containing a word beginning with crim (feminine, feminism, feminism, feminist, etc.)
wom*n returns all documents containing woman or women

Scholarly Articles

Scholarly articles are viewed as having more authority.

Popular articles are viewed as having less credibility. This is why your instructor often request that you find "scholarly or academic articles", not "popular articles" for your research papers. 

Scholarly Articles

  • Are written by and for faculty, researchers or scholars (chemists, historians, doctors, artists, etc.)
  • Uses scholarly or technical language
  • Tend to be longer articles about research
  • Include full citations for sources 
  • Are often refereed or peer reviewed (articles are reviewed by an editor and other specialists before being accepted for publication)


  • Book reviews and editorials are not considered scholarly articles, even when found in scholarly journals
  • Both popular and scholarly articles can be good sources for your work however scholarly articles are excellent and preferred sources for supporting your arguments