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Women's Studies Program

The resources on this libguide can be used for a general women's studies class or specific.

Citing Resources

Avoiding Plagiarism

Plagiarism is the act of using another person's ideas or writing as your own. Typically, when you write a research paper, you use primary and secondary sources to support your original ideas and interpretations. Consulting such sources and using them to help you write your paper is appropriate—as long as you keep a few simple things in mind.

1. Paraphrase.

2. Put quotation marks around others' original ideas.

3. Always cite the source.


When in doubt, always ask your professor or refer to the Citation Style Manual Book (APA, MLA, Chicago, etc.) that your class is using.

Check out this Citation Guide!

Library Databases

A number of the library’s research databases automatically generate citations or provide tips for citing their resources. Consult the database menu, under Help, or look for "How to Cite" links.

 citing sourcesciting sources

Online Citation Guides

Diana Hacker's Research and Documentation Online - Social Science
Women's Studies

Duke University Citing Sources Guide
Provides guidelines for citing both print and electronic sources in MLA, APA, Chicago, Turabian, and CSE (formerly called CBE) styles. Sample citations provided.

APA Style guide
from the University of Wisconsin/Madison

Doc Scribe's Guides to Research Styles provides guides to formatting and documenting research papers in AMA, APA, ASA, CBE, Chicago, and MLA styles.

Citation Management Tools

Having trouble keeping track of all your references for that research paper you're writing?

Need help formatting your paper and bibliography?

Try using a reference or citation management tool like the ones below. They each work a little differently, so experiment until you find one that meets your needs.

Citation management software package that is commercially available. Fresno State students can download this software for free by logging on at the Campus Help Center for more instructions.

You can also access an EndNote LibGuide created by one of our librarians, Ross LaBaugh, that provides more information about downloading and using EndNote.

Zotero is a free, open source extension for the Firefox browser, that enables users to collect, manage, and cite research from all types of sources from the browser.

Evaluating Journal Articles

Articles in databases have already been published, and have gone through a review and editing process, unlike web sites. But it is still a good idea to evaluate articles to determine whether they are suitable for your research. 

Source - Look for articles from scholarly journals, written by experts in the subject. There will be references that can lead you to additional books and articles on the topic. In some databases, you can limit your search by type of article -- a research article, an editorial, a review, or a clinical trial.

Length - The length of the article, noted in the citation, can be a good clue as to whether the article will be useful for research.

Authority - Use authoritative sources in your research. Use articles written by experts in the subject area, and who are affiliated with an academic institution.

Date – research in many subjects requires the most current information available. Is the article sufficiently up-to-date for your purpose?

Audience - For what type of reader is the author writing? If an article is written for other professionals, it will use terms and language special to the subject area.

Usefulness - Is the article relevant to your research topic?

Also - -  Evaluating Scholarly Content - Tutorial on finding and evaluating scholarly materials online -- Includes a section on Google Scholar.                             

Evaluating Websites

From Johns Hopkins University: Evaluating Information Found on the Internet

Evaluating Web Pages UC Berkeley Libraries
Longer description of a process that starts with looking at search results, investigates the page contents, and then looks beyond the page for information about it or its author(s).
        •  Web Page Evaluation Checklist

From Cornell University: Five Criteria for Evaluating Web pages

Writing Tools

Writing Center @ Fresno State

The Fresno State Writing Center is a resource for any student looking for help on any stage of the writing process.

You can enroll in a one-unit Group Tutorial in which you meet for 2 hours a week with two other students and a tutor.

The Writing Center also offers one-on-one Walk-in tutoring, and accepts Online submissions for feedback.

Writing Center Hours & Location Information